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2016 programme

Summer School – WP8 Legacy data and dataset design

Digital curation of archaeological knowledge

New approaches to digital research, information management and communication in archaeology

An ARIADNE Transnational Access (TNA) activity

Sunday, 12 June

Location: Cookoovaya, 2A Chatzigianni Mexi str., Athens. Location map.

19:30 – 21:30 DIY activity & dinner

Master of ceremonies: Dr Ioannis Poulios, Hellenic Open University, Open University of Cyprus & UNESCO School on Sustainable Energy Governance in World Heritage Sites

A participatory DIY making activity combined with dinner, where participants to the summer school will be invited to engage in a hands on experience and collaboratively explore how material challenges of appraisal, preservation and communication can serve (and be served by) an infrastructure for future archaeological memory.

Workshop: Digital methods and tools for archaeological data curation

The workshop is the first module of the summer school, open to participants interested in the use of digital methods and approaches for the digital curation of archaeological knowledge, as it is manifested in pre-existing research data, resources and archives. It is led by an international faculty, including instructors from the Digital Curation Unit, as well as Greek, European and North American universities.

Monday, 13 June

Location: Athena Research Centre, Artemidos 6 & Epidavrou, Maroussi. Location map.

9:00 – 9:30 Welcome and introductions

9:30 – 11:00 Curating archaeological knowledge digitally: from practice to method

Professor Costis DallasFaculty of Information, University of Toronto & Digital Curation Unit, IMIS – Athena Research Centre

This session introduces the issue of curating archaeological knowledge digitally, in the context of the proliferation of data and resources from legacy fieldwork projects, museum archaeological collections, commercial and community archaeology, and of emerging digital practices of “sheer curation” supporting a process of upstreaming/downstreaming between data representation and interpretation.  It further presents a methodological framework for ensuring the effective discovery, appraisal, representation, organization, curation, and use of archaeological information based on information science scholarship and professional education. For this purpose, it introduces the main principles, concepts, methods, use contexts and considerations of a general “discipline of organizing”, supplemented by research-based contributions from information science, and sets them in the context of the archaeological record, and contemporary challenges of data definition, representation and use it entails.  Participants will be expected to contribute to critical discussion and elaboration of appropriate questions, ideas and approaches of managing information digitally in the archaeological context, drawing from their experience in seeking, building, managing, curating and using archaeological information resources in the context of their own research project.

11:00 – 11:30 Coffee break

11:30 – 13:00 Managing legacy archaeological data and resources through registries and repository services

Professor Christos Papatheodorou, Department of Archival and Museum Studies, Ionian University & Digital Curation Unit, IMIS – Athena Research Centre & Dr Dimitris Gavrilis, Digital Curation Unit, IMIS – Athena Research Centre

This session introduces the ARIADNE registry, and installation that forms part of the ARIADNE research infrastructure, and the affordances it offers to archaeologists and stewards of archaeological information to appraise, ingest, curate and access information on archaeological datasets, metadata models (schemas), controlled vocabularies and other resources of interest, and introduces the challenges and utility of data management and knowledge enrichment services necessary in order to ensure the usefulness of such an infrastructure to address the problem of data discovery in archaeology, as archaeological research seeks increasingly to leverage the potential benefits of data integration and linking across heterogeneous collections. It also introduces complementary technologies for the effective resource discovery of online archaeological resources and metadata through a variety of data management, knowledge enrichment, geodata and semantic linking services, through the example of MORe 2.0, a curation-enabled metadata and digital object repository infrastructure used for metadata aggregation, semantic enrichment and online delivery of heterogeneous archaeological and cultural heritage objects from multiple collections across Europe.

13:00 – 14:30 Lunch break

14:30 – 17:30 Case studies: challenges and goals for archaeological research resource management and curation

In this session, ARIADNE Trans-National Access scholars participating in the summer school will present the main challenges they face in dealing with legacy archaeological research sources, and their goals in using digital tools and services to better appraise, document, organize, represent, curate, enrich and use such sources for their work, and to make them available for future reuse by others.. Each presentation will be draw directly from the research project in which each TNA scholar is currently involved with, and will focus on articulating the archaeological knowledge curation challenges faced by the project. Workshop participants, including instructors, experienced and junior researchers, will be asked to reflect and offer feedback on these challenges vis-a-vis digital archaeological research infrastructure affordances, and to join one of several working groups which will work in a project sprint process in the next two days, to develop a digital curation plan or “solution space” for each of the TNA case studies presented in the session.

Tuesday, 14 June

Location: Athena Research Centre, Artemidos 6 & Epidavrou, Maroussi. Location map.

09:30 – 13:00 Case study sprint I: working towards solutions for archaeological research resource management and curation

Workshop participants will work in groups, each group focusing on an individual TNA scholar case study, to investigate challenges in the representation, management and curation of archaeological legacy knowledge relevant to individual projects, and to envision and develop a “solution space” or plan to meet these challenges, using ARIADNE infrastructural facilities and complementary archaeological information access and integration infrastructures, digital research methods, tools and services.

13:00 – 14:30 Lunch break

14:30 – 15:30 Metadata schemas and controlled vocabularies for archaeological information

Kate Fernie, 2Culture Associates & CARARE – Connecting Archaeology and Architecture with Europeana Network

15:30 – 16:00 Coffee break

16:00 – 18:00 Representing archaeological knowledge semantically

Professor Panos Constantopoulos, Department of Informatics, Athens University of Economics and Business & Digital Curation Unit, IMIS –  Athena Research Centre

Given the complexity, ambiguity, heterogeneity, and frequent lack of integrity and contextual information characterizing legacy archaeological data, archaeologists find formidable challenges as they wish to use them for “re-excavation”, comparative analysis or integrative research. A first step to make such data amenable to further analysis and use as evidence consists in eliciting as much information as possible from the data, and combine it with categorical and middle-range knowledge, as well as with an assessment of salient queries furthering archaeological research. This session addresses the construction of semantic representations of pre-existing archaeological datasets or collections of resources based on an analysis of their information content and context on the one hand, and of salient queries and information “use cases” on the other. Such representations are derived from an ontological reference model, the CIDOC CRM (ISO 21127), and usually take the form of XML, RDF or OWL schemas.

Wednesday, 15 June

Location: Athena Research Centre, Artemidos 6 & Epidavrou, Maroussi. Location map.

09:30 – 13:00 Case study II: working towards solutions for archaeological research resource management and curation

Workshop participants will work in groups, each group focusing on an individual TNA scholar case study, to investigate challenges in the representation, management and curation of archaeological legacy knowledge relevant to individual projects, and to envision and develop a “solution space” or plan to meet these challenges, using ARIADNE infrastructural facilities and complementary archaeological information access and integration infrastructures, digital research methods, tools and services.

13:00 – 14:30 Lunch break

14:30 – 16:00 Archaeology, information and digital curation

Professor Seamus Ross, Faculty of Information, University of Toronto & Department of Informatics, Athens University of Economics and Business

The increasing use of sensors, onsite recording devices, digital imaging technologies, databases, GIS and other kinds digital capture and representation technologies is creating a vast digital record of archaeological research and rescue which is inherently unstable. This session examines key challenges and approaches to digital curation from the perspective of the increasingly common digitally encoded archaeological record.

16:00 – 16:30 Coffee break

16:30 – 18:00 Archaeological legacies past and future

Professor Neal Ferris, Department of Anthropology, University of Western Ontario & Sustainable Archaeology

The practices and logics of why we do archaeology have shifted radically over time, leaving a legacy of past conceptions of archaeology embedded in the collections, data and missing information we contend with today. That is challenge enough to make legacy datasets useful and useable within contemporary archaeological research needs. But archaeology primarily operates beyond the confines of archaeologists’ needs today, given that practice primarily operates in the service of neo-liberal enterprise, State regulatory frameworks, and the variable and contested heritage values that play out over that record across society. At Sustainable Archaeology we find ourselves struggling to think about what archaeology and archaeological information needs are when servicing the wider range of archaeological heritage interests in society that are shaping the archaeological record now, and how archaeology can be a sustainable form of practice through the 21st century.

Thursday, 16 June

Location: ICOM Greece building, 15 Assomaton str., nr. Thissio station, Athens. Location map.

9:00-12:00 Case study presentations: solution spaces and plans for archaeological digital curation

Chair: Professor Alexandra Bounia, Department of Cultural Technology and Communication, University of the Aegean 

Rapporteurs of case study sprint groups will present the outcome of their work on developing appropriate strategies and solutions to face the challenges of representing, managing and curating archaeological knowledge and legacy information in each of the individual research projects introduced by ARIADNE TNA scholars.

Comments by: Dr Jeremy Huggett, Department of Archaeology, Glasgow University

Expert forum: The future of archaeological knowledge curation 2021-2026 

The expert forum is the second module of the summer school. It aims to develop digital curation planning knowledge for future digital archaeological research, information management and communication, based on legacy data and resources, in the light of the research projects and experience of participants, as well as the capabilities of the ARIADNE infrastructure and associated tools and services for long term research use. 

Thursday, 16 June

13:15 – 13:30 Envisioning the future of archaeological digital curation

Professor Costis DallasFaculty of Information, University of Toronto & Digital Curation Unit, IMIS – Athena Research Centre

13:30 – 14.30 Challenges and advances in knowledge representation and understanding

Chair: Dr Elizabeth Fentress, International Association of Classical Archaeology
Position statement: Professor Panos Constantopoulos, Department of Informatics, Athens University of Economics and Business & Digital Curation Unit, IMIS – Athena Research Centre
Counterpoint by Professor Seamus Ross, Faculty of Information, University of Toronto & Department of Informatics, Athens University of Economics and Business
Interventions by: Alexandra Bounia, Costis Dallas, Rimvydas Lauzikas, Vladimir Stissi, Amara Thornton, Giorgos Vavouranakis, et al.

14:30 – 15.30 Challenges and advances in communication and visualization

Chair: Nephelie Chatzidiakou, Digital Curation Unit – Athena Research Centre
Position statement: Professor George Papaioannou, Department of Informatics, Athens University of Economics and Business
Counterpoints: Dr Agiatis Benardou, Digital Curation Unit, IMIS – Athena Research Centre
Michael Carter, RTA School of Media & Department of History, Ryerson University
Interventions by Despina Catapoti, Nephelie Chatzidiakou, Elisabeth Fentress, Isto Huvila, Despoina Tsiafaki, Delia Tzortzaki, et al. 

15:30 – 16:00 Coffee break

16:00 – 17.00 Challenges and strategies for sustainability and openness

Dr Jeremy Huggett, Department of Archaeology, Glasgow University
Professor Neal Ferris, Department of Anthropology, University of Western Ontario & Sustainable Archaeology
Dr Lorna-Jane Richardson, Department of Sociology, Umea University
Interventions by: Kate Fernie, Dimitris Gavrilis, Hella Hollander, Helen Katsiadakis, Ioannis Poulios, et al.

17:00-18:00 Scenarios for digital archaeological infrastructure and research planning: introduction and team formation

Professor Costis Dallas, Faculty of Information, University of Toronto & Digital Curation Unit, IMIS – Athena Research Centre

with

Professor Vladimir Stissi, Department of Archaeology, University of Amsterdam

Pavla Drapelova, Department of Archaeology and Art History, National Kapodistrian University of Athens

Dr Amara Thornton, Institute of Archaeology, University College London

Priscilla Ulguim, Teesside University

Ilenia Galluccio, VASTLAB, PIN s.c.r.l. Educational and Scientific Services for the University of Florence

Dr Federico Nurra, INRAP – The French National Institute for Preventive Archaeological Research

Professor Rimvydas Laužikas, Faculty of Communication, Vilnius University, and

Dr Lorna-Jane Richardson, Department of Sociology, Umeå University

A visioning and scenario building method will be presented, based on the identification of a future research infrastructure to serve the research needs of projects of individual TNA scholars, and the successive specification of: a) sub-disciplines / approaches, research problems, aspects or phases of the research process, and kinds of users to be served by the infrastructure, b) information objects, formats, and domain knowledge entities (e.g. concepts, classifications, theories) covered c) methods, procedures and digital tool and service functionalities needed;  and; d) a narrative or schematic presentation of one or two speculative scenarios illustrating how the infrastructure will serve future work. Four imaginary archaeological digital infrastructures, named after characters from Greek and Etruscan mythology, will be envisioned by forum participants divided into four groups, each taking into account use cases related to individual research projects, which will be presented through lightning talks.

Scenario A: AREATHA infrastructure. 

Rapporteur: Seamus Ross
Facilitator: Leonidas Papachristopoulos
Members: Vladimir Stissi, Pavla Drapelova, et al.

Scenario B: MINOS infrastructure. 

Rapporteur: Amara Thornton
Facilitator: Eliza Papaki
Members: Priscilla Ulguim, et al.

Scenario C: PASIPHAE infrastructure. 

Rapporteur: Jeremy Huggett
Facilitator: Nephelie Chatzidiakou
Members: Ilenia Galluccio, Federico Nurra, et al.

Scenario D: THESEUS infrastructure. 

Rapporteur: Despina Catapoti
Facilitator: Costis Dallas
Members: Rimvydas Lauzikas, Lorna-Jane Richardson, et al.

Note: More names to be added, as all expert forum participants will be divided among these four groups.  Each group is assigned a rapporteur, who will present the results of the group’s work on Friday afternoon, and a facilitator, who will be there mainly to ensure that the Scenario building sprint procedure is followed productively during the Friday morning sessions.

19:00 –  Dinner

Location: Avissynia, 7 Kynetou Str., nr. Monastiraki station, Athens. Location map.

Friday, June 17

Location: ICOM Greece building, 15 Assomaton str., nr. Thissio station, Athens.  Location map.

9:00 – 11.00 Scenario building sprint I: using archaeological digital curation infrastructures in 2021-2026

Scenario building groups will work in parallel, using the approach introduced and taking into account the technological futures viewpoints presented in the previous sessions, to identify the “value proposition”, objectives, scope and functionalities of a future digital infrastructure, mapping these parameters in a five and ten year horizon in the future.

11:00 – 11:30 Coffee break

11:30 – 13.00 Scenario building sprint II: using archaeological digital curation infrastructures in 2021-2026

Scenario building groups will work in parallel, using the “value proposition”, objectives, scope and functionalities of a future digital infrastructure defined in the previous session, to develop a narrative or schematic scenario illustrating the fruitful use of the infrastructure for archaeological work, five and ten years from now.

13:00 – 14:30 Lunch break

14:30 – 16:30 Archaeological digital curation infrastructures in 2021-2026: vision, affordances and scenarios of use

Professor Seamus Ross, Faculty of Information, University of Toronto 

Dr Amara Thornton, Institute of Archaeology, University College London

Dr Jeremy Huggett, Department of Archaeology, Glasgow University

Dr Despina Catapoti, Department of Cultural Communication and Technology, University of the Aegean

Rapporteurs of scenario building groups will present briefly the “value proposition”, objectives, scope and functionalities of the digital infrastructures they defined, and a narrative or schematic scenario they developed to illustrate its future usefulness.

Discussion chair: Professor Vladimir Stissi, Department of Archaeology, University of Amsterdam

16:30 – 17.00 Final remarks

Professor Costis Dallas, Faculty of Information, University of Toronto & Digital Curation Unit, IMIS – Athena Research Centre